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Mushroom Health Benefits Basic Overview

Updated: Jun 11


There has been decades of research on mushrooms and their health benefits. Section 1 My Opinion Section 2 Links to a list of rare nutrients. Section 3 A brief overview of mushroom health benefits. Section 4 A more in depth list of health benefits and nutrients. Section 1- My opinion  Everyone is up in arms about Lions Mane for the brain health stuff and Turkey Tail for the anti cancer properties, but you can see all these mushrooms have overlapping related benefits, which means they can work synergistically for you. You can also see how both Tremella and Cordyceps have reports of neuroprotecive properties as well.  I have read reports saying Turkey Tail excels at certain types of cancer but for other types of cancer another mushroom does far better. So I really don't see any reason to take one over the others. We might know Lions Mane to be good at stimulating neurons to grow, but we don't know what added benefit the other mushrooms will add to it. Since we know they have some overlapping properties, don't be closed minded about it. We are at the infancy of understanding any of this. This is why the Super Mushroom Blend to me is so important, it takes all the guess work out it. You are getting a variety of some of the best mushrooms in existence, and they can work synergistically for you. It might forever be a mystery how it all works, but that's just life!

Section 2- Links to nutrients list Mushrooms have so many rare nutrients in them, some of which that are unique to each mushroom. Here are some links and resources to explore.  Oyster Mushroom  https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/168580/nutrients Lions Mane Mushroom  https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/1999626/nutrients Shiitake https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/1999628/nutrients I had found a site that had a MUCH larger list of nutrients but sadly I can't find it anymore.

Section 3 - A brief list of benefits

Lions Mane Supports brain health, boosts cognition, focus and memory. Possibly protects against dementia and alzheimers.

May help relieve anxiety/depression from its anti inflammatory effects


Reishi - Known as the mushroom of immortality in Chinese medicine. Powerful immune system boosting properties

Increases white blood cells activity, fights cancer and tumors

Can help fight fatigue and depression.


Chaga One of the most antioxidant superfoods in existence. Used to treat a variety of illnesses ranging from, digestive health, gastric ulcers, stomach pain, and respiratory disorders.


Turkey Tail Packed with antioxidants and powerful immune boosting polysaccharopeptides (PSK) and (PSP)

In Japan it is approved medical protocol to use this mushroom to help cancer patients.


Cordyceps- Mainly used to boost exercise performance, as it can give a physical and mental boost but also used to treat coughs, chronic bronchitis, respiratory disorders, kidney disorders, nighttime urination, male sexual problems, anemia, irregular heartbeat, high cholesterol, liver disorders, dizziness, weakness, ringing in the ears, unwanted weight loss, and opium addiction Tremella- Along with Lion’s Mane, Tremella has also exhibited neurotrophic and neuroprotective effects in various research studies. Tremella, also known as Snow Fungus, is more commonly associated with improving skin health due to its hydrating and antioxidant abilities. However, the versatility of the health benefits of mushrooms is reflected in the infinite amounts of culinary dishes that can be made from them, too!


Oyster Rich in nutrients, antioxidants, amino acids, and other compounds that boost the immune system. Benefits the heart, reduces cholesterol, lower blood sugar, Section 3 - More in depth list of benefits and nutrients Lion's Mane (Hericium erinaceus) contains a variety of compounds, some of which are believed to contribute to its potential health benefits. While the complete list may not be exhaustive, here are some of the notable compounds found in lion's mane mushroom:

  1. Hericenones: Bioactive compounds with neuroprotective properties.

  2. Erinacines: Another group of bioactive compounds with potential neuroprotective effects.

  3. Polysaccharides: Including beta-glucans, which may support immune function and exhibit anti-inflammatory properties.

  4. Sterols: Such as ergosterol, which has been studied for its potential cholesterol-lowering effects.

  5. Amino Acids: Lion's mane mushroom contains various amino acids, including glutamine, alanine, and arginine.

  6. Minerals: Like potassium, zinc, iron, and selenium.

  7. Vitamins: Including B vitamins such as B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), B3 (niacin), B5 (pantothenic acid), B9 (folate), and B12 (cobalamin).

  8. Triterpenes: Compounds with potential anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

  9. Hericenone F: Another specific compound known for its neuroprotective effects.

  10. Antioxidants: Such as superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase.

  11. Phenols: Including various phenolic compounds that may have antioxidant properties.

  12. Adenosine: A nucleoside with potential anti-inflammatory effects.

These compounds work synergistically to provide potential health benefits, particularly in supporting brain health, boosting cognitive function, and promoting overall well-being.


Turkey tail mushroom (Trametes versicolor) is a species known for its medicinal properties and contains various compounds that contribute to its potential health benefits. Here's a list of some of the compounds found in turkey tail mushroom:

  1. Polysaccharides: Beta-glucans, polysaccharide-K (PSK), and polysaccharide-peptide (PSP) are the primary polysaccharides found in turkey tail mushroom. These compounds are believed to contribute to its immunomodulatory effects.

  2. Proteins and Amino Acids: Turkey tail mushroom contains various proteins and amino acids essential for human health, including alanine, glycine, and glutamine.

  3. Polypeptides: These are smaller protein molecules found in turkey tail mushroom, some of which may have biological activity.

  4. Minerals: Turkey tail mushroom contains minerals such as potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, and iron, which are essential for various physiological functions in the body.

  5. Vitamins: It contains vitamins such as vitamin D2, which is synthesized by the mushroom when exposed to sunlight, as well as other B vitamins.

  6. Triterpenoids: These compounds are known for their potential anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Examples include ergosterol peroxide and trametenolic acid.

  7. Phenolic Compounds: Turkey tail mushroom contains phenolic compounds, including flavonoids and phenolic acids, which possess antioxidant properties.

  8. Lectins: Turkey tail mushroom may contain lectins, which are carbohydrate-binding proteins that have been studied for their potential immune-modulating effects.

  9. Enzymes: It contains various enzymes such as laccase, which has applications in biotechnology and environmental remediation.

  10. Carbohydrates: Besides polysaccharides, turkey tail mushroom contains other carbohydrates like mannitol, which may contribute to its medicinal properties.

  11. Glycoproteins: These are proteins that are attached to carbohydrates. They may play a role in the immunomodulatory effects of turkey tail mushroom.

  12. Fatty Acids: Turkey tail mushroom contains fatty acids, including linoleic acid and oleic acid, which are essential for cellular function.

These compounds work synergistically to provide potential health benefits, particularly in supporting immune function, reducing inflammation, and promoting overall well-being

Reishi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum) is renowned for its potential health benefits and contains various nutrients and bioactive compounds. Here's a comprehensive list of the nutrients and bioactive compounds found in reishi mushroom:

  1. Polysaccharides: Reishi mushroom contains beta-glucans and other polysaccharides, which have immunomodulatory effects and may support overall immune function.

  2. Proteins: Reishi mushroom contains proteins, including all essential amino acids necessary for human health.

  3. Fats: While reishi mushroom is low in fat, it contains small amounts of healthy fats, including essential fatty acids.

  4. Dietary Fiber: Fiber found in reishi mushroom can aid in digestion and promote gastrointestinal health.

  5. Vitamins:

  • Vitamin D2: Reishi mushroom is a natural source of vitamin D2, which plays a role in calcium absorption and bone health.

  • B Vitamins: Reishi mushroom contains various B vitamins, including riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), pantothenic acid (B5), pyridoxine (B6), folate (B9), and cobalamin (B12).

  1. Minerals:

  • Potassium: Important for heart health and nerve function.

  • Calcium: Essential for bone health.

  • Magnesium: Important for muscle and nerve function.

  • Phosphorus: Essential for bone and teeth health.

  • Iron: Important for oxygen transport in the blood.

  • Zinc: Essential for immune function and wound healing.

  • Selenium: Acts as an antioxidant and supports thyroid function.

  1. Antioxidants: Reishi mushroom contains various antioxidants, including triterpenoids, polysaccharides, and phenolic compounds, which help neutralize free radicals and reduce oxidative stress.

  2. Triterpenes: Reishi mushroom contains ganoderic acids and other triterpenes, which have anti-inflammatory and antitumor properties.

  3. Lingzhi-8: A unique protein-bound polysaccharide complex found in reishi mushroom, which has been studied for its immunomodulatory effects.

  4. Ganoderma lucidum peptide: A bioactive peptide found in reishi mushroom, which may have antioxidant and antitumor properties.

  5. Adenosine: A nucleoside found in reishi mushroom, which has anti-inflammatory effects and may help regulate blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

  6. Other Bioactive Compounds: Reishi mushroom contains various other bioactive compounds, including ganodermanondiol, ganodermanontriol, and ergosterol, which have been studied for their potential health benefits.



Chaga (Inonotus obliquus)

  1. Polysaccharides: Chaga mushroom contains beta-glucans and other polysaccharides, which have immunomodulatory effects and may support overall immune function.

  2. Proteins: Chaga mushroom contains proteins, including essential amino acids necessary for human health.

  3. Fats: While chaga mushroom is low in fat, it contains small amounts of healthy fats, including essential fatty acids.

  4. Dietary Fiber: Fiber found in chaga mushroom can aid in digestion and promote gastrointestinal health.

  5. Vitamins:

  • B Vitamins: Chaga mushroom contains various B vitamins, including riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), pantothenic acid (B5), pyridoxine (B6), folate (B9), and cobalamin (B12).

  • Vitamin D2: Some sources suggest that chaga mushroom may contain vitamin D2, although levels may vary.

  1. Minerals:

  • Potassium: Important for heart health and nerve function.

  • Calcium: Essential for bone health.

  • Magnesium: Important for muscle and nerve function.

  • Phosphorus: Essential for bone and teeth health.

  • Iron: Important for oxygen transport in the blood.

  • Zinc: Essential for immune function and wound healing.

  • Selenium: Acts as an antioxidant and supports thyroid function.

  1. Antioxidants: Chaga mushroom contains various antioxidants, including polyphenols, flavonoids, and melanin pigments, which help neutralize free radicals and reduce oxidative stress.

  2. Triterpenes: Chaga mushroom is particularly rich in triterpenes, including betulin and betulinic acid, which have anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and antitumor properties.

  3. Melanin: Chaga mushroom contains melanin pigments, which may contribute to its antioxidant properties and help protect against UV radiation.

  4. Phytosterols: Chaga mushroom contains phytosterols, which have been studied for their potential cholesterol-lowering effects and other health benefits.

  5. Other Bioactive Compounds: Chaga mushroom contains various other bioactive compounds, including ergosterol peroxide, inotodiol, and lanosterol, which have been studied for their potential health effects.



Cordyceps

  1. Enhanced Exercise Performance: Cordyceps mushrooms are often touted for their potential to improve exercise performance by increasing oxygen utilization, enhancing endurance, and reducing fatigue.

  2. Increased Energy Levels: Cordyceps may support energy metabolism and ATP production, leading to increased vitality and stamina.

  3. Boosted Immune Function: Cordyceps mushrooms contain bioactive compounds that may help modulate the immune system, potentially enhancing its ability to fight infections and diseases.

  4. Anti-inflammatory Effects: Some studies suggest that cordyceps mushrooms possess anti-inflammatory properties, which may help alleviate inflammation-related conditions and promote overall health.

  5. Antioxidant Activity: Cordyceps mushrooms are rich in antioxidants, which can help neutralize free radicals and reduce oxidative stress, thereby protecting cells from damage.

  6. Respiratory Health: Traditionally, cordyceps have been used to support respiratory health and alleviate respiratory conditions such as asthma and bronchitis.

  7. Cardiovascular Support: Cordyceps mushrooms may help improve cardiovascular health by supporting healthy cholesterol levels, blood pressure, and circulation.

  8. Anti-aging Effects: Some research suggests that cordyceps mushrooms may have anti-aging properties, possibly attributed to their antioxidant activity and ability to enhance cellular function.

  9. Sexual Health: Cordyceps have been traditionally used as aphrodisiacs and may support sexual health by improving libido, fertility, and reproductive function in both men and women.

  10. Liver Protection: Cordyceps mushrooms may have hepatoprotective effects, helping to protect the liver from damage and support its detoxification functions.

  11. Blood Sugar Regulation: Some studies suggest that cordyceps mushrooms may help regulate blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity, potentially benefiting individuals with diabetes or metabolic syndrome.

  12. Neuroprotective Effects: Cordyceps mushrooms contain compounds that may have neuroprotective properties, potentially supporting brain health and cognitive function.

  13. Antimicrobial Properties: Cordyceps mushrooms may exhibit antimicrobial activity against various bacteria, viruses, and fungi, potentially aiding in the treatment of infections.

  14. Cancer Support: While more research is needed, some studies suggest that cordyceps mushrooms may possess anti-cancer properties and could potentially be used as adjuvant therapy alongside conventional cancer treatments.



Tremella (Tremella fuciformis), also known as "silver ear" or "snow fungus," is a type of edible and medicinal mushroom valued for its potential health benefits. While it may not contain the same array of nutrients as other foods, tremella mushroom does offer several important nutrients and bioactive compounds. Here's a list of the nutrients commonly found in tremella mushroom:

  1. Polysaccharides: Tremella mushroom is rich in polysaccharides, including beta-glucans and heteropolysaccharides, which have immunomodulatory effects and may support overall immune function.

  2. Proteins: Tremella mushroom contains proteins, although the amount may vary. Proteins are essential for building and repairing tissues, enzymes, and hormones.

  3. Dietary Fiber: Fiber found in tremella mushroom can aid in digestion, promote gastrointestinal health, and help regulate blood sugar levels.

  4. Vitamins:

  • Vitamin D: Tremella mushroom is one of the few plant-based sources of vitamin D2, which plays a role in calcium absorption and bone health.

  • Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin): Important for energy production and red blood cell formation.

  • Vitamin B3 (Niacin): Essential for cellular metabolism and nervous system function.

  1. Minerals:

  • Potassium: Important for heart health and nerve function.

  • Calcium: Essential for bone health and muscle function.

  • Magnesium: Important for muscle and nerve function.

  • Phosphorus: Essential for bone and teeth health.

  • Iron: Important for oxygen transport in the blood.

  • Zinc: Essential for immune function and wound healing.

  • Selenium: Acts as an antioxidant and supports thyroid function.

  1. Antioxidants: Tremella mushroom contains various antioxidants, including phenolic compounds, flavonoids, and tocopherols, which help neutralize free radicals and reduce oxidative stress.

  2. Moisturizing Compounds: Tremella mushroom contains polysaccharides with unique moisturizing properties, making it a popular ingredient in skincare products for its hydrating effects on the skin.

  3. Collagen-Like Substances: Tremella mushroom contains compounds that mimic the structure and function of collagen, which may contribute to its potential benefits for skin health and elasticity.

9. Potential Neuroprotective Effects: While research is limited, some studies suggest that tremella mushroom may have neuroprotective properties. Its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects may help protect neurons from damage and support overall brain health.

  • Improved Cognitive Function: Some traditional uses of tremella mushroom include promoting mental clarity and cognitive function. Its potential neuroprotective effects may contribute to these benefits.

  • Enhanced Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) Production: Tremella mushroom extract has been shown in some studies to increase the production of nerve growth factor (NGF), a protein that plays a crucial role in the growth, maintenance, and survival of neurons.

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